I was looking through one of my old posts, Hardcore WordPress Tips, and realized just how outdated it is. It’s just one year old this week and already 5 of the 10 tips I would consider bad information.
Most of the bad tips are simply because WordPress evolves so rapidly that there are better solutions now. A couple of tips I need to revise because I’ve learned a lot more since last year and have better advice.
So, on with the show: WordPress Tips 2009
10. Use the Yahoo! User Interface Library
For theme developers, creating a theme that is flexible is a must-do today. WordPress has been around long enough that crappy themes shouldn’t even be made anymore (unfortunately they still are). One step to ensure that your theme isn’t crappy is to take advantage of some incredible resources Yahoo! provides.
The more you link to other content on your site the more bots access it. The more bots access, the more impressive you may be in search engines.
Link to Similar Posts
You can certainly do this manually in your post by referencing old blog posts…and you should. But you should also use an automatic method as well. Linking to related posts helps search engines categorize your page better. The more you can zero in on what your page is about the better you rank.
Similar Posts, by Rob Marsh, will do just that. Similar Posts not only does a great job with what it’s supposed to do (retrieving relevant posts) but it’s part of a plugin family that all use the same library for configuring functions. Read on…
Link to Popular Posts
Popular Posts is another member of the family of plugins written by Rob Marsh. So rather than use several methods of retrieving posts, stick with one to keep your life easier and things streamlined.
With every release WordPress becomes more secure. On the other hand, everyday hackers become increasingly smarter and more malicious. Out of the box, WordPress can’t be as secure as it’d like to be, so they even give us some tips.
WordPress’ site already has an article on on Hardening WordPress.
One of the quick things you can do is restrict access to the WordPress administration side. Create the file, “.htaccess” in /wp-admin/ and paste the following into it, replacing the IP address with your own. Find your IP.
AuthUserFile /dev/null AuthGroupFile /dev/null AuthName "Access Control" AuthType Basic order deny,allow deny from all # whitelist this IP address allow from 55.555.555.55
Secondly, create an empty index.html file in your /wp-content/plugins/ directory. This will prevent the listing of your plugins for the world to see, making it a bit harder for hackers to find exploits.
Next, delete the username “admin” (obviously make a new username for yourself first), and use a strong password for your login.
Finally, install WP Security Scan to make sure everything checks out.
7. Boost Your Site’s Speed
You can optimize your site all you want, but if you’re not on a good host then you’re going nowhere. So first, switch over to HostGator because they’re the best host I’ve ever used.
After you’ve setup on HostGator, hardcode some things in your theme.
WordPress themes work by including functions that make calls to the database that give it the correct paths to files, etc. This is great for making a theme portable, but it ends up slowing the site down by taxing your database more than necessary.
Anywhere you see…
…you can replace it with your root level URL (ex. http://www.example.com/)
You can change…
…to the path of your stylesheet.
I could go on. But all you really need to know is to look for functions that you could replace with absolute paths and reduce the amount of database calls.
WP Super Cache
WP Super Cache is an awesome plugin that caches your pages and serves them up more quickly. It comes with lots of options which is really nice. It can be a bit difficult to install sometimes, but it may really pay off. It’s especially nice when you have a load of extra, unexpected traffic.
6. Give Some Flow to the Bots
Of course we know that bots (spiders) crawl the Internet checking out pages in order to provide results in search engines. These bots need some direction when they’re crawling — basically they crawl link to link. Obviously we need to give them some links. We need to give bots the right links. In addition to links, there is some meta information bots will pay attention.
The best solution for directing bots where you want them to go (and don’t want them to go) is by using the Robots Meta plugin.
For example, you probably don’t need bots to waste their time on the following pages (especially if you’re a one-author blog):
- The login and register pages
- All admin pages
- Author pages
- Date-based archives
- Tag archives
Using this plugin you can prevent bots from accessing these pages and really create a well defined path for spiders.
5. Setup Shop With Google
Google Analytics is the leader in website stat tracking. Create an account and paste their code in the footer.php file of your current theme.
If you’re not comfortable with editing code, don’t know where your footer.php file is, or you change themes frequently then a plugin is your best option.
Google Analytics for WordPress makes the tracking script easy to install and also has a few extra goodies for making tracking your site usage even better.
Google Webmaster Tools
Google Webmaster Tools is an awesome resource that gives you a behind the scenes look at how Google is interacting with your site. There’s too much valuable information here for me to even begin to describe, so just create your account already!
Well, there is one thing you should know about. You’ll need to submit a sitemap to the Webmaster Tools site and there’s no better WordPress sitemap generator than the Google Sitemaps Generator for WordPress.
4. Use Header Tags Correctly
A theme that is well made will have already taken this into consideration. Search engines pay special attention to how a site’s code is written. Certain tags like Header tags can give text more importance as well as define how a page’s content is organized.
Make sure your WordPress theme knows How To Use Header Tags Correctly. This particularly applies to your sidebar. It’s full of incorrect header tag usage by default, so make sure to correct those issues.
3. Meta Information – Title, Description, Keywords
Go grab Head Space 2, a robust plugin for customizing page titles, descriptions, and keywords. This will make your website much more SEO friendly…as long as you know what you’re doing.
Once installed, you can use the following as a guide for how to configure the plugin:
- Posts / Pages:
%%title%% - Blog Title
%%category%% Archives %%page%% - Blog Title
%%tag%% Archives %%page%% - Blog Title
Blog Archives %%page%% - Blog Title
Courtesy of yoast.com.
Permalinks, or the URLs to pages on your WP site, are part of what makes WordPress the best choice for a blog or CMS. WP allows you to customize your URL structure very easily.
By default, however, WordPress URLs aren’t optimized for search engines. Recently it’s been pointed out that your URL structure can slow your site down as well, so let’s take a look at building the best permalink.
Permalinks for Speed
WordPress needs to know what page to display when given a URL. For example, http://example.com/2009/01/22/hello-world/ is obviously going to take us to the “Hello Word!” post. How does WordPress know that though? Through several attempts of trying to figure out what the URL is trying to get to WP will finally figure it out. It’s in that time, though, that your user is waiting for WP to figure things out.
Basically, it’s easier for WordPress to retrieve the page/post if a numerical value is the first thing in the URL (i.e.
Don’t look to my site as an example because I’ve just recently learned this and haven’t gotten around to changing things up yet. Also, this method isn’t necessary. You won’t notice any difference in speed until you’ve got hundreds or even thousands of posts/pages, but it’s always good to build a scalable site from the start.
Read more details on efficient permalink strategies.
Permalinks for SEO
So if we want a speedy site (by using the method above) AND we want to ensure that our URLs are the best for search engines, then the following method is the choice.
Having your keywords in the URL is always a plus. Search engines can use it as further evidence for what your page is about. Google also places the URL below each search result and bolds keywords — just another way that might help improve your chances of being clicked.
So we need to make sure to include
%postname%. This will render the post/page slug (ex. hello-world). If your site is heavily reliant upon categories you may want to include your category name as well. So here’s our options:
We can even take this one step further. Your URL doesn’t need to contain every word from your post/page title, just the significant ones. Instead of hand editing every permalink you can use SEO Slugs to automatically strip your permalinks of stop words, like ‘a’, ‘the’, ‘in’, etc. SEO is all about the details!
1. Prepare for Disaster
Backups are often an afterthought (like after you lost the data!). The truth is, the world is fallible and for one reason or another your site may get royally screwed up someday and you’ll either be back up and running within an hour or your heart will still be fluttering as you look blankly at your missing files and database.
We make mistakes, servers make mistakes, web hosts make mistakes, so just count on it. Be prepared!
Backup the Database
Get yourself the WordPress Database Backup plugin. You can schedule DB backups or get on-demand backups. I have my backups emailed to me weekly (with Gmail that’s no biggie). I’ll always have an archive…as long as Gmail doesn’t blow up.
Backup the Files
Secondly, backup your server files. If for some reason everything goes wrong, you’ll need the database and your theme (especially if you’ve done any customization). Plus, the image paths stored in the DB won’t have anything to show for themselves without files on the server.
Some hosts will allow you schedule file backups and this is the ideal situation. If they don’t have a solution to do this, then you’ll just need to be well disciplined and do this yourself via FTP every once in a while.
WordPress provides great detail on database and file backups.
I hope this guide has been a great help. Please add your own advice or questions in the comments.
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Good luck with WordPress in 2009!